THE CHALLENGE OF CHANGE AND SKILLS REQUIRED TO MANAGE IT.

It is said that the only constant thing in life is change. There is nowhere this holds true with so much impact than in corporate organizations. The dimension, impact and complexity of present day changes require managers to have or acquire skill sets that suit the challenges of today and can meet the uncertainty of tomorrow. Change by its very nature is not usually intrinsic to the subject of change, be it an individual or an organization. Following from this, the drivers of change in an organization are more of external factors than internal ones.


The challenge faced by managers then, understands what the drivers of changes in their organisations are and the skills required to successfully manage those changes in their organizations. Technology, knowledge management, globalization and cross border collaboration have been identified as some factors that are extrinsic to an organization, but cause changes within the organization. Technology generally has been agreed to be of immense benefit to humanity. It has led to cheaper goods and services. There is better efficiency in the work place – speed of delivery, enabling organizations to do more quality work in less time than was the case before. As beneficial as technology is, so also it has been disruptive. Technology has replaced manual labor in many cases creating job losses. The multiplier effect is that with an increasing number of unemployed people, governments have a challenge of dealing with more social problems. The reliance of organizations on technological has also exposed them to challenges of security in managing their documents. A lot of money is spent on securing company data.


 

Knowledge management Globally, consumer preferences are changing both in the emerging economies and the advanced economies. This change in consumer behavior has been reinforced the more by the rapidly expanding technological advances. This change in consumer behavior has created a need for a new set of workers with the requisite knowledge to create products and services that can meet the current demands of consumers. The ability of companies to manage these sorts of workers will give them the competitive edge over competition. This will see companies rejig their entire human resource systems from recruitment to compensation to work structures, from the traditional methods to something more novel and maybe even personalized to meet the ultimate company objective of meeting current consumer needs. Globalization is not just a buzz word but a reality that has brought immense benefit to humanity. Trade treaties have broken down borders making available goods and services from one part of the world available in another part of the world as has never been the case before. Technological innovations equally contributed in no small measure in the globalization of world economies.

Be Willing to Go the Extra Mile

Globalization as beneficial as it has been has equally been a source of deep concern to organizations. Traditional office systems have been disrupted by technology developed in one country and used in another country. One notable fact is that organizations no longer contend only with competition in their local environment, but competition in distant places. This obviously calls for a different set of skills to manage not only the threats, but maximize the opportunities of globalization.Cross border collaboration .Globalization and technological advancements have given rise to cross border collaboration as never seen before. Intra organizational communication have become more efficient and in real time making knowledge sharing easier.

Cross border collaboration has even greater application in inter organizational business partnerships: an organization in one country relies on the local knowledge of another organization to expand in the country of the latter organization. In concluding, the manager of today needs to understand that knowledge is no longer static, he therefore needs to commit to constant learning. He must adopt a global vision in his planning as competition is no longer only in his immediate environment, but also in places outside his immediate environment. Other skills worthy to acquire are to be innovative, embrace technology and be nimble to adjust to rapidly evolving changes.Change is inevitable and managers must be prepared with the requisite skills to manage it for now and the foreseeable future.

DOMINANT DIGITIZATION: 5 REMARKABLE ADVANTAGES OF THE DIGITAL ECONOMY IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA It is quite obvious that digitization is having a huge impact on economies of the world. The evidence can be perceived in some Sub-Saharan Africa countries with impacts in the daily life of its people. For instance, Kenya’s 10% Gross Domestic Products is achieved through mobile payments. This goes to show that digitization is taking over social and cultural lives in the region.To further actualize it, those African countries need to leverage on the positive results. Five of such are as described here:

Digital Economy Encourages Innovative Businesses Digital economy is no doubt an innovation. Evident are the technology services adopted in some Sub-Saharan Africa countries in recent years. Digital innovation has been the new business opportunity that have encouraged entrepreneurship largely. The onus is now on players to harness it potentials by creating value from digital innovative ideas. A Cameroonian intern in a public hospital identified the lack of heart surgeons, he thereafter created a Touch Screen medical device which can perform medical examinations and transmit it results to Doctors for interpretation and diagnosis. He identified a problem and solved it in an innovative way.To remain relevant in this digital age requires business creativity which is embraced and always made available to the markets.

Digital Economy is Highly Resourceful for Employments To emphasize the impacts digital economy have on creation of employments, it is pertinent to note that the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) create variety of employments in the software and hardware sectors of the industry. Currently the demand for their services is on high side locally and globally. The opportunities are afforded to individuals, group of individuals, employers and employees alike to work together, dig deep and cover the niche in the digital space.

Digital Economy projects Africa to prospective Global Market Africa is an evolving continent that investors look to as emerging digital economy, not just a country as insinuated in some quarters. African countries as a market have become demand booster for many business moguls. E-Commerce companies in Africa have continued to report proportional growth. Some cities in Africa now known for their craftiness in art which is being appreciated.Digital Economy Affects Social Life Positively A look at how digitization has taken over some aspects of social life of Sub-Sahara African population is a pointer to the fact that it has indeed affected life positively.

Mobile money is helping users in many ways such as access to financial services (e-collection and payment), data services, health and educational services. Some of these services are being enjoyed online and offline.Digital economy makes information available to users at every time, information which may be used to solve different social and cultural problems. Also, the culture of saving money has been boosted, one can save cash without queuing in banks because that can simply be done via ATM.There is need for stakeholders to further explore other areas to solve the challenges and create value with digital economy for sustainable development.Digital Economy Strengthens Sustainable Development Digital economy is growing just as Sub-Sahara Africa is known to be developing.

Part of the benefits is that it dematerializes the environment, create spaces, saves time, reduces traffic and brings about ecological balance. Instead of buying more cars and parking them in car fleet, using online platform to call for car hire with specification and convenience would have saved the space to park the cars for productive uses, saved funds for maintaining them and free the roads from traffics. Digital economy has turned the fortune of the world around. Stakeholders must therefore work together to take it up as it is in the global stage. Very innovative ideas and change models are required to actualize it.Opportunities are abound to tap into for

amass of personal needs and help others.EXPANSION OF TELECOMMUNICATION COMPANIES In a bid to expand customer base, Telecommunications’ companies today, have come up with various enticing facilities and discount packages on calls and SMS, this will no doubt attract more customers.As of today, this initiative has become so successful that it has become almost impossible for a customer to decide to stick with one singular company; the goodies being offered by the companies are each exciting on its own, it's so hard to choose just one.As such, customers would rather maintain a dual sim mobile phone, thereby enjoying benefits from at least two of the companies.And with the current technology era, this has become a very, very easy feat.


 

You see, to help customers out of their confused state of mind, companies like Samsung, Spice, Micromax, LG etc. also began providing Dual Sim mobile phones, obviously understanding the need of her market.And now, even Nokia phones come with dual sim-slots.In spite of all this, a customer would still walk into a mobile store with a confused state of mind; there are a lot of options available for the same thing. Lots of mobile devices companies offering mobile phones with dual sim slots, some three.In hopes of helping the confused customer out there, I am giving a review on some of the best Dual Sim mobile phones.Launched in December 2007, this is a stylish, typically black dual Sim phone produced by the mobile giants, Samsung. At 16 Grams, it sure is a light weight phone with dimensions of 104 x 51 x 18.9 mm. Enriched with 60MB internal memory, FM radio, SMS,EEMS, MMS, Email, a phonebook with 1000 entries, and of course games. It has a backup battery of 4 hours while in use and its standby time is 360 hour, also, its primary camera comes with autofocus at 3.15 MP. It however isn't equipped with 3G nor WIFI, only EDGE and GPRS.Nokia C1 and C2For those who love the much trusted mobile brand; Nokia, these two Nokia models are the best of the dual Sim bunch. For one, they are both pocket friendly if you get my drift (low cost), albeit, loaded with lots of features.

These features include an expandable memory of 3GB, a large screen, multiple phonebook, FM radio, Headphone jack, games, etc.Now, for Nokia C2, additional features include: a VGA camera, Bluetooth, GPRS, Symbian Series 40 OS, a 32GB expandable Memory Card slot, Pre-installed themes, FM radio with FM recording, browsing and internet, various stylish Wallpapers and screensavers, and a battery standby time of up to 16.5 days, Talk time of up to 4 hours.Nokia C1 goes for just Rs 1999 while the Nokia C2 just in 2500 Rupee.With this phone, be rest assured that you would get value for your money as it is a feature packed mobile device. The spice D-88 is both CDMA and GSM enabled with a 2G network of GSM 900/1800 MHz, CDMA 800 MHz, GPRS Class 10, and WAP 2.0 with xHTML browser.

Equipped with a camera of 1.3 MP,1280 x 1024 pixels resolution and 10x digital zoom, a 2-inch, 256K colours TFT display, 128 x 160 pixels size, 600 SMS memory, MP3 ringtones, 64 channels Polyphonic ringtones etc. what's not to like?A downside to the phone however, is its lack of autofocus and flash for its camera, lack of Qwerty Keypad, T9 Dictionary, GPS, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and an Audio JackIt still is a decent dual sim phone with its super cool

Motorola RAZR series look and a weight of 93g and 107x47x15 mm Dimensions.Micromax Q7 Micromax is a very famous phone company in the India market; especially known for its low priced, feature packed phones.At a cost of approximately Rs 5000, the Micromax Q7 is one of her (Micromax’s) best in the Dual SIM Slot bunch; at a dimension of 110mmx 59mmx10.7mm and is light in weight of just 100g.For one, this phone has the sleek blackberry look as it is equipped with a QWERTY keyboard, giving it the professional look.

Storing up to 1000 contacts and 1000 SMS, it is Wi-Fi enabled, and comes with a built-in Opera Mini Browser for browsing.To sum it all up, other features that make this phone indeed 'Feature packed include the following:A 78MB internal memory, an expandable Memory of up to 4GB, up to 6 days standby battery time and up to 4.5 hours of talk time, Bluetooth, GPRS, WAP, Stereo FM Radio etc.The phone is available in colors black and silver.